The word literally means 'young maidens'. Greek nymphs were nature spirits, and are not considered to be immortal by all authors. In the case of the tree nymphs, by cutting down a tree you kill the nymph who lives in it. One could only escape the revenge of an angered tree nymph by begging for her blessings before cutting down her tree.
Oak Tree Nymphs.
Fresh Water / Fountain Nymphs. Naiads lived for a long time, but were mortal. They had healing powers, but they would bring madness to those who angered them.
Ash Tree Nymphs. Meliads were formed from Oranos's blood as it fell onto the earth after his incident with Cronos.
Fruit Tree Nymphs.
Mountain / Cave Nymphs.
Ocean Nymphs, they are the daughters of Oceanus and Tethys.
Glen / Valley Nymphs.
Sea Nymphs, they are the daughters of Nereus and Doris.
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