Location / Geography:
The Ancient Greeks were located, well, where modern Greece is today: the Mediterranean Sea. Most Greek cities were located on the Northern shores of the Mediterranean, but there were colonies on most of the islands and other shores as well. Most of the land that the Greeks inhabited was rocky and mountainous, so travel to other cities by land was dangerous and took a long time. What little land wasn't rocky was very well-suited for farming. The climate was warm and moist, and it rarely snowed, except in the higher mountains.