Rulers of Scotland

Name Called Lived Reign
When the Romans left Britania in the 5th century CE the area was split into many small kingdoms. It was not until the reign of Malcolm II that Scotland was more or less unified into the country we know today.
Kenneth III   ???? 997-1005
Malcolm II   ???? 1005-1034
Duncan I "The Gracioius" c. 1001-1040 1034-1040
Macbeth   1005-1057 1040-1057
Lulach "The Fool", "The Simple" 1031-1058 1057-1058
Malcolm III "Canmore", "Bighead" 1031-1093 1057-1093
Donald III "Bane" 1033-1099 1093-1094; 1094-1097
Duncan II   ???? 1094
Edmund   ???? 1094-1097
Edgar   ???? 1097-1107
Alexander I "The Fierce" ???? 1107-1124
David I "The Saint" 1084-1153 1124-1153
Malcolm IV "The Maiden" ???? 1153-1165
William "The Lyon" ???? 1165-1214
Alexander II "The Peaceful" ???? 1214-1249
Alexander III "The Glorious" ???? 1249-1286
Margaret "Maid of Normandy" ???? 1286-1290
John Balliol   ???? 1292-1296
Scotland ruled by Edward I of England 1296-1297
William Wallace   ???? 1297-1298
War with England; No clear Scottish King 1297-1306
Robert I "The Bruce" 1274-1329 1306-1329
David II   1324-1371 1329-1332; 1338-1371
Edward Balliol   ???? 1332-1338
Robert II   1316-1390 1371-1390
Robert III c. 1337-1406 ???? 1390-1406
James I   1394-1437 1406-1427
James II   1430-1460 1437-1460
James III   1452-1488 1460-1488
James IV   1473-1513 1488-1513
James V   1512-1542 1513-1542
Mary "Queen of Scots" 1542-1587 1542-1567
James VI*   1566-1625 1567-1625
Charles I*   1600-1649 1625-1649
Charles II*   1630-1685 1649-1685
James VII*   1633-1701 1685-1688
Mary II*   1662-1694 1688-1694
William II*   1650-1702 1688-1702
Anne*   1665-1714 1702-1714
*Ruler of England and Scotland
England and Scotland officially merged in 1707 with the Act of Union, though monarchs had ruled both countries since 1603.

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