Roman Festivals / Sacred Days


January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

The early Roman calendar was based on a lunar cycle, not the solar cycle that we use today. The Romans marked time as being before the cycles of the moon (i.e. 5 days before the Kalends of October). As such, festival dates changed dates from year to year. The dates given below are general dates, and, depending on the calendar one is using, could be off by a few days.

January
1 - KALENDS
- New Year's Day. Day sacred to Jupiter, Juno, and Janus
- Festival for Aesculapius
- Agonalia
- Sacrifice day for Fortuna
- Festival for Vedovus
5 - NONES
- Festival for Vica Pota
6 - Festival day for Proserpina
8 - Sacred day for Justicia
9 - Agonalia
11 - Festival of Carmentalia begins
- Juturnalia
12 - Festival of Compitalia
13 - IDES
15 - Festival of Carmentalia ends
- Feast of the Ass
16 - Concordia honored today
17 - A day sacred to Felicitas
- Festival of Janus
25 ~ Feriae Sementivae
30 - Festival of Peace

February
1 - KALENDS
- Festival of Helernus
2 - Festival of Juno Februa
5 - NONES
9 - Feast of Apollo
12 - A day holy to Diana
13 - IDES
- Faunalia
- Parentalia begins
- Orgiastic festival of Juno Februa begins
14 - Orgiastic festival of Juno Februa ends
- Day sacred to Juno Lupa
15 - Lupercalia
17 - Quirinalia
~ Fornacalia
18 - Rites of Tacita
19 - Birthday of Minerva
21 - Parentalia ends
- Feralia
22 - Festival of Caristia
23 - Festival of Terminalia
24 - Regifugium
27 - Festival of Equirria
end - Februalia

March
1 - New Year's Day according to the pre-Julian calendar
- The sacred fire in Vesta's temple was rekindled on this day
- KALENDS
- Women's festival of Matronalia
- Birthday of Mars Pater
5 - Navigum Isis
6 - Day honoring the gods of one's household
7 - NONES
- Festival of Junonalia
- Festival for Vedovus
11 - Day sacred to Hercules
14 - Festival of Veturius Mamurius
15 - IDES
- Festival of Attis and Cybele
- Day sacred to Anna Parenna and River Nymphs
- Julius Caesar was assassinated on this day ("Caesar, beware the IDES of March!")
- Guild festival
16 - Festival of Bacchus begins
17 - Festival of Bacchus ends
- Liberalia
19 - Quinquatrus
- Quinquatria begins
22 - Procession of the Tree-Bearers
23 - Quinquatria ends
- Tubilustrium
- Invocation day of Mars and Saturn
- Day of Mourning
24 - Dies Sanguinis
25 - Hilaria
28 - Festival of the Sacrifice at the Tombs
30 - Festival of Janus and Concordia
31 - Festival for Luna

April
1 - KALENDS
- Veneralia
- Festival of Fortuna Virilis
3 - Proserpina's rise from the Underworld
- Day (sunset-sunset) sacred to Bona Dea
4 - Festival of Megalesia begins
5 - NONES
- Festival for Fortuna Publica
10 - Birthday of Cybele
- Festival of Megalesia ends
11 - "Diana's Bread" baked today
12 - Festival of Cerealia begins
13 - IDES
- Festival of Libertas and Jupiter Libertas
- Festival of Jupiter Victor
15 - Fordicalia
19 - Festival of Cerealia ends
21 - Paralia
- Natalis Urbis
22 - Festival of Jupiter and Juno
23 - Vinalia Priora
25 - Festival of Robigalia
28 - Festival of Floralia begins
30 - Festival of Floralia ends
end - Feriae Latinae

May
1 - KALENDS
- Day sacred to Maia
- Feast for Lares Praestites
3 - Women's Festival of Bona Dia
- Florae
7 - NONES
9 - Festival of Lemuria (day 1)
11 - Festival of Lemuria (day 2)
13 - Festival of Lemuria (day 3)
14 - Festival for Mars Invictus
15 - IDES
- Day sacred to Maia and Vesta
- Sacrifice day to the Tiber River
- Festival for Mercury
17 - Festival for Dea Dia
18 - Day sacred to Apollo
21 - Festival for Vedovus
23 - Rosalia
- Tubilustrium
- Festival for Vulcan
27 - Secular Centennial Games
29 - Festival of Ambarvalia
- Feast of Mars

June
1 - KALENDS
- Festival of Carna
- Day sacred to Tempestas
- Festival for Juno Moneta
4 - Festival for Hercules Custos
5 - NONES
7 - Day of Vesta Asperit
8 - Festival for Mens
- Day consecrated for Vesta
9 - Vestalia
10 - Day consecrated for Vesta
11 - Day sacred to Fortuna Virgo
- Rites of Matralia
13 - IDES
- Lesser Quinquartrus
- Festival of Jupiter Fulgor
15 - Women's festival of Vestalia
16 - Festival of Ludi Piscatari
18 - Festival for Anna
19 - Festival for Minerva
20 - Festival for Summanus
24 - Fors Fortuna
25 - Ludi Taurii begin
26 - Ludi Taurii end
27 - Festival of Initium Aestatis
- Festival of Jupiter Stator
- Day Sacred to the Lares
30 - Day of Aestas

July
1 - KALENDS
? - Adonia
2 - Feast of Expectant Mothers
4 - Day of Pax
5 - Poplifugia
6 - Ludi Apollinares begin
7 - NONES
- Nonae Caprotinae
- Festival of Feriae Ancillarum
- Parilia
8 - Vitulatio
13 - Ludi Apollinares end
15 - IDES
17 - Festival for Victoria
- Festival for Virtus
18 - Vitulatio
19 - Festival of Honos
21 - Lucaria
23 - Neptunalia
25 - Festival of Furrinalia
30 - Festival for Fortuna Huiusque Diei

August
1 - KALENDS
- Festival for Victoria
- Feast of Spes
5 - Sacrifice Day for Salus
7 - NONES
8 - Festival for Venus (sunset-sunset)
9 - Festival for Sol
12 - Lychnapsia
- Festival for Venus Victrix
- Festival for Hercules Invictus begins
13 - Lesser Festival of Flora
- Nemoralia
- Festival for Hercules Invictus ends
14 - Festival for Fortuna Equestris
15 - IDES
- Festival of Vesta
17 - Portunalia
- Festival of Diana
19 - Vinalia Rustica
21 - Consualia
- Heraclia
23 - Festival of Vertumnalia
- Vulcanalia
24 - Festival of Mania
- Festival for Luna
25 - Opiconsivia
27 - Day sacred to Consus
- Volturnalia
28 - Festival for Luna
- Festival for Sol
30 - Festival of Charisteria

September
1 - KALENDS
- Festival of Juno Regina
- Festival of Jupiter Liber
4 - Ludi Romani begin
5 - NONES
- Festival for Jupiter Stator
13 - IDES
- Epulum Iovis
- Festival of Lectisternia
19 - Ludi Romani end
26 - Festival for Venus Genetrix
30 - Meditrinalia

October
1 -KALENDS
- Day sacred to Fides
- Festival of Juno Sororia
3 - Festival of Bacchus
4 - Ieiunium Cereris
5 - Festival of Mania
7 - NONES
- Day sacred to Victoria
- Festival for Juno Cutitis
- Festival for Jupiter Fulgor
9 - Festival for Fausta Felicitas
- Festival for Venus
10 - Festival for Juno Moneta
11 - Vinalia
- Meditrinalia
12 - Day sacred to Fortuna Redux
13 - Festival of Fontinalia
14 - Festival for the Penates
15 - IDES
- Winter's Day
- Harvest Festival of Mars
- Ludi Capitolini
19 - Armilustrium

November
1 -KALENDS
- Pomonia
4 - Ludi Plebeii begin
5 - NONES
8 - Festival of the Mania
13 - IDES
- Festival of Feronia, Juno, Minerva, and Jupiter
- Festival for Fortuna Primigenia
- Epulum Iovis
17 - Ludi Plebeii end
25 - Day sacred to Proserpina
29 - Festival of Saturnia

December
1 - KALENDS
- Festival for Neptune
- Festival for Pietas
3 - Festival for Bona Dea
4 - Festival for Minerva
5 - NONES
- Faunalia
8 - Festival for Tiberinus
10 - Festival of Lux Mundi
11 - Septimontia
- Festival for Diva Palatua
12 - Consualia
13 - IDES
- Festival for Tellus
15 - Consualia
16 - Festival of Sapientia
17 - Festival of Saturnalia begins
18 - Eponalia
19 - Opalia
- Festival for Juventas
21 - Divalia
~ Bruma (the winter solstice)
22 - Day Sacred to the Lares
23 - Larentalia
24 - Festival of Saturnalia ends
25 - Dies Natalis Invicti Solis (Birthday of the Invincible Sun God)

Most of the information on this page comes from these books:
Adkins, Lesley & Roy A. Dictionary of Roman Religion. Oxford University Press: New York, 1996.
Bernstein, Frances. Classical Living: Reconnecting with the Rituals of Ancient Rome. Harper San Francisco: New York, 2000.
Pennick, Nigel. The Pagan Book of Days. Destiny Books: Rochester, VT, 1992.

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